As the world marks World Health Day, this year’s spotlight is on the disease, diabetes and the massive effect being incurred on the health of millions because of it.
Read on for answers to frequently asked questions about the disease.
1. Does obesity increase the risk of getting diabetes?
Being overweight and having obesity are major risk factors for a number of noncommunicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes. The likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes rises steeply with increasing obesity.
2. Do you stand a higher risk of getting diabetes if a parent has it?
Children of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes face a higher risk of developing the disease compared to the general population.
3. Can people with type 1 diabetes live without insulin?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use it. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin on their own, and must take injections of insulin to survive.
4. Can diabetes cause kidney failure and blindness?
Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney failure, while retinopathy due to diabetes is a major cause of blindness. Diabetes is also a risk factor for heart attacks, strokes and lower limb amputations.
5. Does regular physical activity have NO impact on preventing diabetes or its complications?
Regular, moderate-intensity physical activity can help in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, which comprises 90% of cases, is largely caused by excess body weight and physical inactivity.
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