Congratulations on your pregnancy! Most women discover they are pregnant from week 4 to 7. If you have just found out that you are pregnant, you may want to begin by reading our articles on weeks 1 to 3.
How your baby is growing
Babies are still very small at this point. Inside your body, amazing developments are taking place. The ball of cells dividing in your uterus is now an embryo, about the size of a mustard seed.
Despite the tiny size there’s plenty going on as the embryo splits into three different sections.
In one section the brain and central nervous system are already beginning to take shape. In the other two sections, the heart and circulatory system are already beginning to form and the lungs and intestines are in the very early stages of development.
The next five weeks are especially important to your baby’s growth. The basic placenta and umbilical cord, which bring nourishment and oxygen to your baby, are already working.
Pregnancy symptoms at four weeks
This week may be the first time you feel pregnant. One of the early signs hat you are expecting is that your breasts may become tender. Your boobs might have that ‘time of the month’ feeling. You may also notice some light bleeding around this time. It is very normal, but it is always best to get any bleeding checked by your doctor.
Have you started feeling sick? Perhaps you’re experiencing morning sickness. Some mums-to-be have severe vomiting. If this is happening to you, see your doctor without delay.
If you have taken a positive pregnancy test, you need to follow it up with a visit to your GP to get your booking appointment made with the midwife.
How your life is changing
If your period is late or if you have an irregular period, you may want to take a home pregnancy test. If the result is positive, you can try to schedule an appointment with a health care provider, although many health care providers wait to see you until you are 8 to 12 weeks pregnant.
If your pregnancy test was negative and you haven’t seen your period, you can repeat a test now. Some women take 2 to 3 weeks after a missed period before producing a detectable level of the pregnancy hormone. Whether your test is positive or not, now is the time to start taking a daily folic acid supplement, if you haven’t already. Folic acid helps to protect your baby against spinal and brain problems.
It is natural to add weight while you’re pregnant, and exercise will help you to manage your weight gain.
It may seem a long way off, but exercise also helps to get you fit for labour. When you get there, you’ll be grateful you put the work in over the months. Choose a safe, moderate activity you enjoy, e.g walking from your busstop to your house.
Tips for Week 4
If you have not begun an exercise routine, check with your healthcare provider to see what he/she recommends. Even if you already have a routine, you might want to read about exercise during pregnancy.
Be careful about the different medications you take during pregnancy (e.g Local herbs). You should check with your health care provider before taking any medications.
Continue being open with your partner about your fears and excitement about her being pregnant. Talk about when you want to share the news with family and friends.
Your antenatal vitamin should contain at least .4 mg (400 micrograms) of folic acid also have a high iron content. These are important for both you and your baby.