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攝影中最廣泛應用的拍攝技巧

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掃一掃!攝影中最廣泛應用的拍攝技巧掃一掃!
瀏覽:- 發布日期:2016-04-22 16:05:00【

大小對比

daxiaoduibi,jiushizaitongyihuamianliliyongdaxiaoliangzhongxingxiang,yixiaochenda,huozheyidachenxiao,shizhutidedaotuchu,shiyijingdedaobiaoda。dedaodaxiaoduibixiaoguodazhiyousanzhongtujing:yishiliyongpaisheduixiangzishendetiji、mianjidechayichanshengduibixiaoguo,biruchengrenhehaiziduibi;ershiliyongliyongjingtoujindayuanxiaodetoushibianhuaqudeduibixiaoguo;sanshibaqianlianggeyinsujiehe,babenlaihenxiaodewutikuada,zhizaochufanchangguidaxiaoduibixiaoguo。jiexialaijiangjutifenxigairuheshishi,yijibixuzhuyidewenti。

以小襯大

ruguoxiangyaobiaoxianchuyigechangjingdehongda,neimeshouxianyidingyaomingbai:meiyouxiao,jiumeiyouda。yinweiyuzhoujianwutidedaxiaodoushixiangduide,zhiyouxiangduidibijiao,cainengshuoshudashuxiao。tongli,zaizhaopianshang,ruguomeiyoucanzhaowu,guanzhongwufaganshouchangjingyouduomezhuangkuo。suoyi,zaiyigedadechangjingzhong,yinruyigexiaodewuti,erzhegexiaodewutiyoushirenmenpingshishuxidexingxiang,neimezhegexingxiangjiunenggouchengweicanzhaowu,keyishiguanzhongxiangxiangzhaopianzhonglingyigexingxiangdedaxiao。ruxiatu,zhengshiluotuozhixiao,chentuoleshamozhida,fanguolaikan,shamozhidayechentuoleluotuozhixiao。

以大襯小

真人线上国际 tongli,liyongdayuxiaoxingchengshijuefanchahou,tongyangyekeyifanchenchumouyibiaoxianduixiangdeyouxiao、ruoxiao、xiaoqiaokeaihuozheshikeliandengneirong。rushangmianzhezhangzhaopianzhong,zhinendexiaoshouyuchengnianrendedashoutongshichuxianzaihuamianzhong,zuituchudexiaoguoshidashouchentuochulexiaoshoudezhinenyukeai,dangranxiaoshouyechentuochuledashoudehouzhongyouli。keyijuyifansan,dangfaxianyigeruoxiaohuoyouxiaodeduixiangshi,keyixiangbanfatongguoyigedadeduixianglaijinxingchentuo。bizhehuancengjianguoyigeshengdongdeyidachenxiaodelizi,shiyizhixiaomayijuzhushiwuxiangjingtoufangxiangpaxing,houmianjingenyizhihouzhongdedaxiedi,mashangjiuyaocaixialailuozaimayishenshang,qizhenhanxiaoguolingrenjiyiyouxin。

抓大等小

真人线上国际 “zhuadadengxiao”zheyizhao,zaisaojieshizuiweichangyong。zhuada,shizhidangfaxianyigebichangguixingxianggengdadewutishi,rulubiandejufuzhaotie、guanggaohuozhemougejuxingdiaosudengxingxiangshixuyaoliuxinguancha,yinweizhexiewutibenshenjiuyoukuadadexiaoguo,nenggouchengweisheyingchuangzuodehaosucai。dengxiao shizhizhiyaodengdaoheshideyigexiaodepeitidechuxian,jiunenggouxingchengyifuyunhandaxiaoduibijiqiaodezuopinzhezhongdengdaijixuyaonaixin youxuyaojingshenjizhong。yunyongzheyijiqiaoshi,weilexiaoguogenghao,changchangxuyaozongheshiyongqitayixiejiqiao,biruyongmanmenxuhuadongti,tongguogoutuqianghuazhutiyupeitidehuyingguanxi,dengdeng。)

面積對比

mianjiduibi,jiushizaitongyihuamianzhongchuxianmianjidaxiaobutongdewuti,liyongqimianjidexianzhuqubieyingzaodaxiaoduibiguanxi。shiyongshixuyaozhuyideshi,jinliangliyongdanchundedahuanjingtuchuxiaoliangdianruzuotusuoshi。huamiankeyichouxiangweilianggeyuansu:dacaoyuanheshengwu,feichangdanchun、jianjie、mingkuai。keyikanchu,zuozheshifeichangyouyishidiyingzaodaxiaoduibigoutu。jiaruhuamianzhongzainaruyuanshan、tiankongdengyuansu,jiubuzaishidanchundedahuanjingle,yehennanbeishiweiyigezhengti。zheyangdamianjidedanchunyuansuyouhenduo,rushuimian、tiankong、nongtiandeng,doukeyiweigoutushisuoyong。

微距中的大小對比

真人线上国际 yitiqiweijusheying,renmendouhuixiangdaofangdabeilvshiduoshaodewenti,sihufangdeyueda,zuopinjiuyuerongyichenggong。rendesiweimoshiwangwangrenwei,weijuzhizhongzhiyougaifangdade,meiyougaisuoxiaode,erxiatuzegeiweijuchuangzuodakailesilu。bujinnengzaiguangmaodedacaoyuanzhong,zhaodaodaxiaoduibideguanxi,zaiweijushijieli,tongyangkeyiliyonglianggedanchundeyuansu,jinxingmianjiduibi。xiamianzhezhangzhaopianzhong,feidanmeiyoubaguaniujinliangfangda,huanbatazhiyubianjiaodeweizhi,weixieziliuxialegengdadekongjian。zheyanggoutu,shiguaniukanlaigengjiamiaoxiao,erziranjiedeshenmizhigan,zebeiyuanyuanfangda。keyiganshoudao,daxiaoduibibujinshijiqiao,gengshisheyingyuyan。

利用超廣角鏡頭制造大小對比

真人线上国际 zaizhengchangshijiaoxiapaishedaxiaoduibibingbumingxiandewutishi,ruguoshiyonglechaoguangjiaojingtou,jiunenggoumingxiankuadadaxiaoduibixiaoguo。zhezhangzhaopianzhong,yongguangjiaojingtoutiejinqianjingbufenderenwupaishe,lijingtouzuijinderenwubeimingxiandikuadale,yulijingtoushaojindediergerenwuxingchengduibi,yujiaoyuanchulongzhoushangderenwugengshixingchenglexianmingdeduibi。zhiyaonengzaiqingxiduijiaodefanweinei,yongguangjiaojingtoutiedeyuejin,jinjingyuyuanjingdedaxiaoduibixiaoguojiuyuekuazhang。xuyaozhuyideshi,zhezhongpaifarongyichanshengtongxingjibian,youqishiweiyuqianjingbufendepaisheduixiang,ruguojiangqizhiyuhuamianzhongxin jibianhuixiaoyixie,danruguoxiwangguyikuazhang bufangjiangqizhiyubianyuanweizhi。

其他鏡頭下的大小對比

真人线上国际 ruguomeiyouchaoguangjiaojingtou,zhiyoudayubiaozhunjingtoushijiaodebufenjiaoduan,biru,huansuancheng35 haomixiangjishangde28mm~45mm jiaoduan,huozhedayu50mm biaozhunjingtoudegengchangjiaoduan,yebubitanxi。zhexiejiaoduandounenggoupaichumingxiandedaxiaoduibizuopin,erqiezheyangdedaxiaoduibi,huannenggoudailaigengjiaziran、zhenshi、shushideganjue,haobi“runwuxiwusheng”dechunyu,haobuzhangyang,quedadaolemude。ruxiamianzhezhangzhaopian,zuozheshiyonglehuansuancheng135 xiangjishangde105mm jiaoduan bingmeiyouqiangliedeshijuekuazhangxiaoguo,danzhenshiziran。zhegeshihou,wutizhijianqianhoujulideyuanjinduiyudaxiaoduibidexiaoguoyingxianghenda。

反常規的大小對比

真人线上国际 ruguobabenlaihenxiaodewutibiaoxiandehenda,eryuanbenjiaodadewutifanerbiaoxiandebijiaoxiao,neimejiuxingchenglefanchangguidedaxiaoduibixiaoguo。liyongchaoguangjiaojingtouhuoputongguangjiaojingtou,bingxuanzetiejinjiaoxiaodewutipaishe,jiunenggouzuodaozhezhongxiaoguo,erchaoguangjiaojingtoudexiaoguogengweiqianglie。ruxiamianzhezhangzhaopianzhong,yuanbenjiaoxiaodeqianjingdeejingranbizhongjingbufenderenhuanyaoda。zhezhongfanchangguideshoufa,wangwanghuichuangzaogengyouqudehuamian。qishi,zhiyaoyingyongdedang,yikexiaoxiaodecao、yilixiaoxiaodeshitou,dounenggoubianshenchengwei“dakuaitou”deqianjing,tamenhuozhedandanghuamianzhongdezhuti,xianshengduoren,huozhechengweizhongyaodepeiti,youlidihongtuozhuti。

利用同類物體自身體積的大小對比

sheyinghuamianzhong,tijidadewutitongtijixiaodewutifangzaiyiqihuichanshengduibixiaoguo。ruguowutizhijianshuyutonglei,huishizuopindezhutituchu,binggeirendailaihexiedeganshou。qizhongdeaomizaiyuyizhonggoutudejiqiao——zhongfu。zhongfu,bingbuyidingshizhiwanquanyiyang,suiranbutongquehenxiangsidewutitongshichuxianyekeyikanzuozhongfu,zhongfujishiqiangdiao,tongguozhongfu。zhutidedaoletuchu,zhutidedaoleqianghua。erzhongfuwutizhijiandebianhua,biruda、xiaodebutong,younengchanshengyunlvgan,geirendailaihexiedeshenmeiganshou。

對比物體在畫面上距離的遠近問題

goutushi,duibidewutiyaobaochiheshidepingmianjuli。yibanlaishuo,zaibuhuxiangpohuaideqiantixia,duibidewutijuliyuejin,huamianyuejincou,ganraodeyuansuhuiyueshao,zhutihuiyuetuchu,ruxiamianzhezhangzhaopian;dangjulishizhongshi,huamiandegoutuhuixiandeyuncheng;erjuliguoda,paichudehuamianrongyisongsan,zhongjianjiangedebufenhenkenengpohuaihuamian。ruguoduijulibumanyi,paisheshihuanyigepaisheweizhihuozhehuanyigepaishejiaodu,jiunenggouqingsongdidiaozhengduibiwutizhijiandejuli。zhuyijulidetongshi,yaozhuyixiaodeyuansubunengtaixiao,yimianyingxiangzhutidebiaoda。

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